Enrollment rate declining with declining population growth

The declining rate of population growth has had an impact on classrooms with significant declines in the number of students enrolled in schools each year over the past half-decade.

Several government reports show that net enrollment and dropout rates have declined over the years. Almost three percent of students remain outside the school system, which has 97.4 percent enrollment and the retention rate is increasing. However, the number of students in the classes is decreasing.

A government report for the current fiscal year shows that the total number of students in the last academic year was 7.02 million, about 200,000 less than the previous year. The survey report indicates that the number of students at school level decreased by 520,771 between 2014 and 2020.

In 2014, up to 7,542,393 students were enrolled in grades 1 through 12 in schools, both private and public. The number fell to 7,021,622 in the last fiscal year.

Officials say the declining rate of population growth over the years is the main reason for the decline in school enrollment. The last national census carried out in 2011 shows a sharp drop in the population growth rate from 2001 to 2011, with an average rate of 1.35%, a significant drop compared to the previous decade 1991-2001.

“The declining rate of population growth, the complete closure of schools in the first three months of the current school year and the partial closure for a few months have had an impact on the total number of students,” it reads. in Nepal’s latest economic survey.

The national census carried out every 10 years takes place this year.

“The decline was observed mainly in the basic level (grades 1 to 5),” Keshab Dahal, spokesperson for the Center for Education and Human Resource Development, told The Post.

The annual report prepared by the center, the government entity that oversees school education, showed that the repetition rate for the first grade in 2020 was 12.8 percent compared to 15 percent in 2014. Similarly, the Repetition rates for fifth to eighth grades have also declined by about four percent over the past five years.

Education experts agree that an increase in the rate of promotion of students, which decreases the stay of students in schools, and the fall in the rate of population growth have led to a decline in enrollment.

“It is a fact that the academic indicators of enrollment in the promotion

have improved but the enrollment rate is declining, ”Basudev Kafle, a professor at Tribhuvan University and involved in school education research, told the Post. “The number of births has decreased. As a result, schools have fewer students.

The Centre’s report shows that the net enrollment rate at the primary level rose to 97.4%, against 93% between 2014 and 2020. Similarly, the retention rate improved from 76.6% to 79.3 % while the net enrollment rate for 10th grade rose to 60.3 percent from 37.9 percent.

Kafle said that the fact that the enrollment rate has increased at the secondary level despite the decline in enrollment at the basic level proves the thesis that the declining rate of population growth is a major factor contributing to the decline in school enrollment. No less than 6,230,131 students were enrolled in grades 1 through 8 in 2014. The number rose to 5,319,004 last year. However, the enrollment rate for grades 9 to 12 had risen to 1,702,618 last year from 1,312,262 five years ago.

A report from the United Nations Population Fund says: “The decline in the rate of population growth is attributable to a large number of absentees. ”

No less than 1.5 million young people work in the Gulf and Malaysia alone. Although there is no precise data, it is estimated that 3 million Nepalese are currently working in India. The absence of the young population limits the birth of children, consequently impacting the school enrollment rate.

Due to declining student enrollment rates, the government has closed or amalgamated over 1,000 public schools in the past five years.

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