He said the 2021 population census estimated the labor force, which was the economically active population aged 15 and over, at 11,541,355, adding that of this figure, 9,990,237 were employed and 1,551,118 in the labor force. unemployment. “This brings the unemployment rate to 13.44%,” Mr. Baffour Awuah said.
“Mr. President, the above figures are in contradiction with the figures obtained from ILOSTAT on Ghana for the same period. According to the ILOSTAT report, Ghana’s unemployment rate for 2019 was 4.12 % and 4.53% for 2020,” he said. noted.
“Mr. Speaker, in 2021 the Department of Employment and Labor Relations has undertaken a trend analysis of the unemployment situation in the country over the past 29 years (1991-2020). Data from the analysis are sourced from the International Labor Organization’s OITSTAT, a global reference for international labor statistics.ILOSTAT cross-checks labor survey, census and other national data from the Ghana Statistical Service for its analysis “, did he declare.
Baffour Awuah said the variations in the ESG and ILO figures stem from a different definition that was used in their calculations.
“Mr. Speaker, the standard ILO definition of unemployed is anyone you have reached the age of employability and who is available for work and is looking for a job but does not get one, that is- that is, it excludes all those who have reached employability age, are not working, but are not looking for jobs during the reference period.
“ESG, however, uses the relaxed ILO definition of unemployment which includes all persons who have reached employability age and are available for employment, whether seeking employment or No. For example, analyzing the 2019 metadata from the ESG, GLSS, per the ILO definition, the unemployment rate was 4.12%, but using the relaxed definition, 4.3 Additional % have been added to bring the ratio to 8.4%,” Mr Baffour Awuah told Parliament.
Admitting unemployment issues as a major policy concern that had dominated the national discourse since time immemorial, the Sector Minister said it was important for stakeholders to acknowledge and recognize the dynamics of Ghana’s labor market system as well as the data and reporting challenges of national institutions such as the Department of Labor and the GSS.