Longford has the highest population growth and highest net immigration rate per 1,000 people in the country

Longford has seen the highest population growth in the country in the past six years according to preliminary results from the 2022 census, released today by the Central Statistics Office (CSO).

The population of each county increased between the 2016 census and the 2022 census.

Cormac Halpin, senior statistician at the Census Division, said: “Preliminary results show a census night population of 5,123,536. This is a 7.6% increase since 2016. It is also the highest population recorded in a census since 1841.”

The departments with the highest population growth were Longford (+14%)Meath (+13%), Fingal and Kildare (+11% each).

In Longford, preliminary figures show that the population on 3 April 2022 was recorded at 46,634 (it was 40,873 in 2016).

The population included 23,297 females and 23,355 males.

This is an increase of 5,761 (+14.1%) since 2016.

This was a natural increase (i.e. births minus deaths) of 1,625 and an estimated net immigration (i.e. population change minus natural increase) of 4,136.

Net migration by county

All counties experienced an increase in net migration over the six-year period between 2016 and 2022.

The largest in-migration occurred in Dublin (+46,559), Cork (+20,892) and Meath (+14,921).

Longford saw a net migration increase of 4,136.

Monaghan (+1,353), Kilkenny (+1,756) and Offaly (+2,003) are the three counties which saw the lowest in-migration.

Net migration per thousand

Average annual net migration per thousand people provides insight into the extent of movement of people in and out of a county between censuses relative to its size.

Longford recorded an average annual net in-migration of 16 people per 1,000 population between 2016 and 2022, the highest in the country.

The next highest was Meath with 12 people per 1,000, followed closely by Leitrim with 11 people per 1,000 of the population.

Kilkenny had the lowest rate of net in-migration at 3 people per 1,000.

Donegal and Monaghan were the lowest counties with an average annual net inflow of 4 people per 1,000. This contrasts with the intercensal period between 2011 and 2016 when Donegal had an average annual net outflow of 8 people per 1,000 and Monaghan experienced an outflow of 4 people per 1,000 population.

Natural increase by department

Kildare and Meath recorded the highest average annual natural increase, gaining 9 people per 1,000 people per year between 2016 and 2022. Next come Laois, Dublin, Westmeath and Longford with an average natural increase of 7 persons per 1,000 inhabitants per year. Actual natural increase is 1,625

In Dublin, Fingal recorded the highest natural increase with 11 persons per 1,000 inhabitants. Then comes South Dublin with an average annual natural increase of 9 people per 1,000 inhabitants.

Mayo and Kerry recorded the lowest average annual natural increase, both gaining 3 people per 1,000 population. Data on natural increase are shown in Figure 3.3 below.

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