Luxembourg’s population growth is approaching the pre-pandemic rate


People walking to work on Boulevard Royal in Luxembourg City

Photo credit: Anouk Antony

Luxembourg’s population growth is returning to pre-pandemic levels, with the total number of inhabitants reaching more than 645,000 last year, mainly driven by immigration, the country’s official statistics agency said on Monday.

In another indication of the country’s appeal to people of working age, Luxembourg added more than 9,000 people to its total population through net immigration in 2021. The relaxation of travel rules linked to lockdowns of Covid-19 has seen population growth return to levels seen before 2020.

Net immigration to Luxembourg accounted for almost 90% of all new additions last year, with natural population growth – the difference between births and deaths – being responsible for the rest.

“After a demographic slowdown observed in 2020, the population of the Grand Duchy increased by 10,667 people during the year 2021, so that on January 1, 2022, 645,397 inhabitants lived in Luxembourg”, Statec indicated on Monday.

“This increase in the population, mainly due to net immigration, returns to levels close to those observed before the outbreak of the Covid-19 health crisis”, specifies Statec.

In percentage terms, the population increased by 1.7%. This increase is somewhat lower than that seen before the pandemic, when it hovered between 2% and 2.5%, but is higher than that seen in 2020, the first year the pandemic hit Europe with the travel restrictions which accompanied it, when it was only 1.4%. %.

Luxembourg consistently ranks among the EU countries with the fastest population growth. The number of inhabitants in the Grand Duchy jumped by more than 20% – only one of four EU countries to experience such an increase – between 2001 and 2020, according to the bloc’s statistics agency Eurostat.

Foreign residents are “significantly younger” than Luxembourgers, says Statec. The average age of Luxembourg women is 42.4 years against 38.1 years for foreign women. For Luxembourg men, the average age is 40 compared to 38 for foreign residents.

Luxembourg’s population is one of the youngest in the whole EU with an average age of just 39, Eurostat said earlier this year. The country has the second-lowest number of over-65s as a proportion of its population in the bloc as a whole, according to a separate Eurostat study last year.

The relatively low percentage of retirees in the Grand Duchy can most likely be attributed to the attractiveness of the country for people of working age.

Luxembourg’s prominent position as a financial capital, as well as its vibrant labor market, high wages and standard of living continue to attract immigrants from elsewhere in Europe and around the world.

At the end of last year, the population of Luxembourg City stood at just under 130,000, with the number of people living in the capital having increased by more than 40% in a decade. There are 167 different nationalities in the city and seven out of 10 inhabitants were not born in the Grand Duchy.


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