UK population growth set to slow significantly


People wearing protective masks walk on Westminster Bridge in front of the Elizabeth Tower, popularly known as Big Ben, in London, Britain December 15, 2021. REUTERS/Henry Nicholls

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LONDON, Jan 12 (Reuters) – Britain’s population growth is set to slow significantly over the next decade, largely due to lower assumptions about future fertility levels, making net immigration a variable crucial in the coming decades.

The population of the UK is expected to increase by 3.2% to 69.2 million in the 2030s, from 67.1 million in 2020. In the 2020s, the population grew by 4.3 million , or 6.9%.

From 1995 to 2020, the population increased by 9.1 million, or 15.6%; from 2020 to 2045 it will grow by 3.9 million, or 5.8%, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said. In 2045, the population of the United Kingdom will be 71.0 million.

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England will grow faster than Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland. More people will be old and there will be more deaths than births as people born in the baby boom generations after World War II and in the 1960s reach old age.

“As more deaths and fewer births are projected, net international migration is expected to play an increasing role in population growth,” said ONS statistician James Robards of population projections. and households.

“These projections suggest slower growth than what we have previously said. This is due to weaker assumptions regarding both future fertility levels and mortality improvement.”

Net migration over the decade to 2030 is expected to be 2.2 million people, the ONS said.

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Reporting by Guy Faulconbridge, editing by Andy Bruce

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