As the United States Supreme Court ends the constitutional right to access abortion services, courts in other parts of the world, including in many historically conservative societies, have taken the opposite direction.
This includes in a number of traditionally conservative societies – such as recently in Colombia, where the Constitutional Court in February legalized the procedure up to the 24th week of pregnancy, part of a wider trend seen in parts of the world. strongly Catholic Latin America. In Argentina, lawmakers passed a bill in late 2020 legalizing abortion up to the 14th week, and the procedure is widely available in Cuba and Uruguay.
Consult the map below to see the availability of access to abortion in countries around the world, if the procedure is prohibited, available only to preserve the life or health of the pregnant patient, available to respond to factors social or economic, or available upon request.
Nations with outright bans include Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador. Many African countries also maintain complete bans and it has been banned in Iran since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
In the only part of Latin America directly affected by the ruling, Puerto Rico, the island’s Senate on Tuesday approved a bill that would ban abortions after 22 weeks or when a doctor determines a fetus is viable. , with the only exception if a woman’s life is in danger. The bill is now before the Island’s House of Representatives.
Meanwhile, in Europe, most countries have legalized abortion, including those that are predominantly Catholic. Ireland did so in 2018, followed by tiny San Marino in an electoral referendum last fall. It has also been widely available in Israel since 1978 and relatively uncontroversial.
In Japan, abortion is only allowed for economic and health reasons and requires consent from partners, making Japan one of the few countries in the world to do so. Victims of sexual violence are excluded from the obligation. Abortion is also widely available in China and India for pregnancies up to 20 weeks, although under certain circumstances such as rape or incest, women can terminate a pregnancy up to 24 weeks.
The UN sexual and reproductive health agency says whether abortion is legal or not, “it happens too often” and global data shows that restricting access makes abortion more deadly .
The United Nations Population Fund issued a statement following the Supreme Court’s ruling noting that its 2022 report indicated that almost half of all pregnancies worldwide are unintended and that more than 60 % of these pregnancies may end in abortion.
“A staggering 45% of all abortions worldwide are unsafe, making it one of the leading causes of maternal death,” the agency said.
He said almost all unsafe abortions occur in developing countries, and he fears “more unsafe abortions will occur around the world if access to abortion becomes more restricted.”
All Supreme Court justices were asked about their judicial beliefs on the legal precedent of Roe v. Wade during their Senate confirmation hearings. Here’s what they had to say.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.